Guide & Analytics

Bitcoin Is Venice: The Service provider Strikes Serve

Bitcoin Is Venice: The Service provider Strikes Serve

In finding the paunchy book now in Bitcoin Magazine’s store.

This article is section of a series of tailored excerpts from “Bitcoin Is Venice” by Allen Farrington and Sacha Meyers, which is supplied for steal in Bitcoin Magazine’s store now.

You might per chance well safe the a host of articles in the series here.

“No radiant student of smartly-liked events can possibly maintain misplaced sight of the immense alternate which the final fifty years has wrought on the enhancement of the impact of finance as a social factor overshadowing all a host of contemporaneous forces, apart from religion and delight in. Considering the ceaseless and irresistible advance of the financial vitality, and the simultaneous weakening of these authorities which spoiled their claims on political predominance, custom, customized, precedent convention, expediency, and the cognate origins, the philosophic watchman might per chance well per chance also rarely retain some distance from reflecting that finance must amplify, whereas these must decrease.” — Ellis Powell, “The Evolution of the Cash Market 1385–1915”

Technological wizardry entirely apart, by some distance the greatest alternate to the financial products and providers industry will seemingly be entirely prosaic and comprehensible to those literate in neither utility nor finance. That “money” will all over again “store worth,” and nearly surely gently love with the sustainable return on mixture production capital, will indicate that a astronomical quantity of most modern financial intermediation will merely be needless. It won’t be modified by code — this can merely fade. Its political clout will cave in as this can maintain nothing illicit left to supply — or to bribe. The centralization of finance, or, equivalently yet extra provocatively, the financialization of the entirety, might per chance well per chance also appear to a couple to now be so thorough and permeative as to be the entirety, all over, everywhen. As Ben Hunt teases, that is water.[i]

However it needn’t be. Much of the unwinding of financialization is easy adequate to take into accout. Professor Antal Fekete writes, in the keen essay “Whither Gold?” of the penalties of fascinating off the gold connected old and onto a totally fiat monetary system,

“That we now maintain misplaced the potential to reduce the arena’s entire indebtedness without resorting to default or monetary depreciation turns into clear straight away if we retain in thoughts the indisputable fact that a debt of x greenbacks can’t be liquidated. If it is paid off by a take a look at, the debt is merely transferred to the bank on which the take a look at is drawn. The train shouldn’t be any better if it is paid off by handing over x greenbacks in Federal Reserve notes, ostensibly the closing methodology of price. In this case the debt is transferred to the U.S. Treasury, the closing guarantor of these liabilities. However substituting one debtor for one other shouldn’t be connected to liquidating the debt. The very draw of ‘debt maturity’ has misplaced all cheap which methodology previously connected to it. At maturity the creditor is coerced into extending his customary credit plus amassed pastime in the collect of most modern credits, generally on bad phrases. It is some distance correct that the draw to eat his savings stays delivery to him — but is it not a uncommon monetary system, to advise the least, which forces the savers to eat their savings at any time when they’re disappointed with the quality of accessible debt instruments, or with the phrases on which they’re supplied?”

It is easy adequate to foretell that the perversities Fekete bemoans will evaporate. Savers will by no methodology be tempted to eat their savings, and actually, “their savings” will exist in a pure deliver entirely outside of “finance.” There might per chance be not a level in trusting a depository institution and implicitly taking on its liabilities when the pure deliver of bitcoin is that of completely safe leisure.

“Debt maturity” will earn cheap which methodology, and debt will seemingly be priced precisely relative to fairness given there’ll seemingly be no coercion at maturity past that implied in a contractual duty to pay. That savings and debt want not be directed by assignment of banks at all, and that, relatedly, we are able to ask there to be no artificially-decreased worth of capital on yarn of cozying as a lot as the financial and political elite, straightforwardly implies a dramatic redistribution and re-localization of financing vitality. The default will seemingly be to put money into the community in desire to globally, with ideal the option of centralized, and publicly-listed securitization in desire to the need or the expectation. Whereas pooling capital at a some distance larger scale will clean be that you just would also take into accout, there’s miniature reason to suspect this is able to per chance be preferable.[ii]

The precedent here is obvious, and we assume might per chance well also be considered as an optimistic counterpoint to Joel Kotkin’s “The Rise of Neo-Feudalism.” We ask Robert S. Lopez’s yarn from “The Commercial Revolution of the Heart Ages, 950–1350” to be closely mirrored from this beginning level on:

“The early Heart Ages promoted slave artisans to serf discipline and sometimes paid lip provider to the suitable the Aristocracy of labor — weren’t St. Joseph and the total Apostles laborers? — but supplied no contemporary opportunities for industrial fashion. From the tenth century on, nonetheless, the upward thrust of the provider provider class introduced forth a new source of potential toughen. As middlemen between present and search facts from, merchants had a deepest stake in the growth of every; they’d capital, prolonged credit, and promoted their replace through market study. No unsurmountable prejudice separated them from craftsmen: many if not all of them before the entirety came from the same social background, and the battle for city emancipation from feudal retain watch over supplied a overall reason.”

And yet, for all these delicate financial and financial diversifications, it is that you just would also take into accout, if not actually, that the re-decentralization of finance and de-financialization of the entirety[iii] might per chance well maintain even extra profound social effects that we are able to ideal commence as a lot as take into accout. “What if securities possession used to be extra broadly and straight distributed?” is practically a mechanical question in distinction to the non secular weight of “what if finance and financialized patterns of draw cease to be dominant cultural forces?” In “The Culture of Narcissism” Christopher Lasch writes of the profoundly unfavorable psychological effects[iv] of the dissolution of the Protestant work ethic as a motivating pressure in American life. All the extra highly efficient and telling of Lasch on no account intending to make a level about economics, he writes,

“In an age of diminishing expectations, the Protestant virtues not excite enthusiasm. Inflation erodes investments and savings. Marketing undermines the dread of indebtedness, exhorting the client to steal now and pay later. As the future turns into menacing and undecided, ideal fools delay until the next day to come the fun they are going to maintain this day. A profound shift in our sense of time has transformed work habits, values, and the definition of success. Self-preservation has modified self-development because the aim of earthly existence. In a lawless, violent, and unpredictable society, in which the usual prerequisites of day after day life advance to resemble these formerly confined to the underworld, men live by their wits. They hope not so considerable to prosper as merely to outlive, even supposing survival itself extra and extra requires a mountainous earnings. In earlier times, the self-made man took satisfaction in his judgment of personality and probity; this day he anxiously scans the faces of his fellows not with a belief to retain in thoughts their credit but in dispute to gauge their susceptibility to his blandishments.”

There might per chance be an out of this world overlap with what we know is triggered by degenerate fiat money and what Lasch highlights as partial causes of a narcissistic breakdown in traditionally prudent rules of thumb for financial conduct. Is it dazzling to foretell, due to this fact, that a reversal of these causes might per chance well per chance make us much less narcissistic? This surely appears to be like cheap insofar as it might per chance per chance per chance indicate that a extra pure trustingness ought to equate to much less defensive selfishness — much less residing by our wits. The Protestant work ethic is smartly caricatured as selfish, and doubtlessly rightly if taken to an wrong, as Lasch sardonically emphasizes sometimes. However we would perform smartly to undergo in thoughts that its flourishing — arguably even its staunch existence — is reckoning on a backdrop of trust. Economic capital can’t exist without social capital, and yet, as Lasch exhibits, the strip-mining of industrial capital appears to be like to maintain a reflexively opposed impact on the social cloth.

In “The Group Man” William Whyte takes extra advise aim on the financial roots of adjustments in the usual ethic. Whyte picks up on considerable the same desperation and decay as Lasch[v] but argues for a roughly tragic logical inevitability: The extra winning uncooked individualism is in growing forever-proliferating capitalism, the bigger will develop into capitalist institutions and the stronger will seemingly be their social impact that is by nature antithetical to the puny and the heterodox. Contrary to the naïve draw of corporate The United States as a bastion of individualism, Whyte argues it is extra love a Petri dish for anxiety aversion, cowardice and collectivist sentiment. He writes of the ancient transition,

“By the time of the First World Battle the Protestant ethic had taken a shellacking from which it would not collect better; rugged individualism and arduous work had done wonders for the opposite folk to whom God in his infinite wisdom, as one attach it, had given retain watch over of society. However it hadn’t done so smartly for everybody else and now they, as smartly because the intellectuals, maintain been all too attentive to the fact.

“The bottom, in short, used to be ready, and despite the indisputable fact that the conservative draw that drew the fire of the rebels looked entrenched, the basic mood of the nation used to be so inclined in the a host of route that emphasis on the social grew to develop into the dominant contemporary of U.S. draw. In a mountainous outburst of curiosity, other folk grew to develop into fascinated by the discovering of the total environmental pressures on the individual that old philosophies had denied. As with Freud’s discoveries, the findings of such inquiries maintain been deeply disillusioning before the entirety, but with attribute exuberance American citizens stumbled on a rainbow. Man might per chance well per chance not be perfectible despite the entirety, but there used to be one other dream and now in the kill I looked shimmering: the perfectibility of society.”

Admittedly ironic as Whyte writes it, that is excessive-modernism par excellence. Whyte additionally makes a prescient commentary, for having been astute in the fifties but obvious and broadly resented as a social tragedy of financialization and company bigness this day. He notes that, at mountainous adequate companies, the executives successfully cease to be members of the neighborhood of the team of the corporation in any meaningful sense, and are doubtlessly extra precisely classed as financiers. [vi] He describes the shift as follows:

“The adaptation might per chance well also be described as that between the Protestant ethic and the social ethic. In a single fashion of program we are able to peruse that the significant emphasis is on work and competition; in the a host of, on managing others’ work and on cooperation.”[vii]

Lo and peruse, senior corporate managers are some distance extra seemingly to maintain an MBA than to maintain worked an entry degree job in the industry in which they now residing up. They personify “mountainous city capitalism,” as Whyte derides it, and if your city isn’t mountainous adequate — for few are — they have a tendency to radiate that they’re from in other places and are seemingly going in other places as smartly. Wherever they’re from, they’re homogeneously at house in and ideal in the mountainous city, which is to advise they aren’t actually from wherever at all.

We jest, of course, in our comic strip, but the indisputable fact that these other folk maintain scrambled as conclude to the fiat spigot of artificial money as that you just would also take into accout provides them mountainous retain watch over over society’s overall pool of capital and thanks to this fact mountainous cultural vitality as well. It is some distance worth severely contemplating what instance they residing and what trickles down to the merely medium cities and below. It is some distance even worth contemplating what that roughly unchecked vitality can perform to a particular person’s personality and intellect.

The intellectual attraction of finance is that it provides a totalizing vision and toolkit. Absent Whyte’s sarcasm, contemporary finance actually is excessive-modernism par excellence. As soon as a budding financier masters the fundamentals, he can expose absolutely the entirety from chemical manufacturing to logistics to utility-as-a-provider to proper property to authorities debt to money.[viii] The the same language, psychological items, patterns of draw, and a good deal of others, might per chance well also be gleefully recycled time after time in remaking the arena as they peruse fit.

At some or a host of degree of correct abstraction, the entirety turns into comprehensible as a mixture of long or short publicity, volatility, diversification, leverage, money flows, securitization, or despite else. Since their arena is the entirety, they invent not maintain any arena. There might per chance be merely no a host of reason of the apparently by no methodology-ending corporate fascination with “Blockchain, Not Bitcoin” — a string of phrases that literally has no which methodology; a Chomsky slogan, maintain been there this form of part, given it is not pretty a paunchy sentence. There might per chance be not a utter material in this expression it is that you just would also take into accout to actually assume, and so it actually works as a roughly anti-secret handshake, whereby the technically incompetent and intellectually unsophisticated yet fascinating to be practical competent and complex make themselves known.[ix]

However they don’t actually know the leisure, or realize the leisure, apart from the meta-sport of administration, which is, of course, a euphemism for social manipulation in desire to productive contribution. Defend Whyte above: Managers veteran to be trained to work and be taught to administer. By his time, the transition used to be already underway in direction of being trained to administer and literally not intellectual straightforward the fashion to work. By now that transition appears to be like smartly and actually entire.

So, what then are the social penalties? In the aptly-titled “The Culture of The New Capitalism,” Richard Sennett observes that an obvious consequence of this organizational framework of prioritizing administration in desire to competence is a disorienting mix of fixed alternate in roles and responsibilities yet indifference to the quality and even the completion of the alleged reason of the old alternate. He provides the next enigmatic critique:

“An group in which the contents are repeatedly shifting requires the mobile capability to resolve considerations; getting deeply furious by someone anxiety might per chance well be dysfunctional, since initiatives pause as without be conscious as they commence up. The anxiety analyzer who can bound on, whose product is possibility, appears to be like extra attuned to the instabilities which rule the global market. The social skill required by a versatile group is the potential to work smartly with others in short-lived groups, others you won’t maintain time to know smartly. At any time when the crew dissolves and you enter a new team, the anxiety or not it is a must must resolve is getting down to interchange as snappily as that you just would also take into accout with these new teammates. “I’m able to work with someone’ is the social system for potential potential. It won’t topic who the a host of particular person is; in snappy-changing corporations it will’t topic. Your skill lies in cooperating, despite the circumstances.

These qualities of the correct self are a source of distress because disempowering to the mass of staff. As we now maintain considered, in the predicament of job they construct social deficits of loyalty and informal trust, they erode the worth of amassed ride. To which we ought to now add the hollowing out of potential.

“A key aspect of craftsmanship is studying straightforward the fashion to assemble something true. Trial and error occurs in bettering even apparently-routine tasks; the employee must be free to make mistakes, then lunge over the work consistently. Whatever a particular person’s innate abilities, that is, skill develops ideal in stages, in fits and starts — in track, for event, even the kid prodigy will develop into a extinct artist ideal by sometimes getting issues inferior and studying from mistakes. In a speeded-up institution, nonetheless, time-intensive studying turns into hard. The pressures to construct results snappily are too intense; as in tutorial testing, so in the predicament of job time-distress causes other folk to skim in desire to to dwell. Such hollowing out of potential compounds the organizations’ tendency to low cost past fulfillment in searching toward the future.”

Mastery and competence are dramatically devalued on the expense of what Sennett calls “cooperation,” presumably unintentionally echoing Whyte’s some distance extra blatant derision in the exclaim of this be conscious, but which we are fully pleased to advise extra bluntly as manipulation. Furthermore, undercover agent a transparent, if a miniature bit abstracted, analogue to the poisonous effects of leverage: There might per chance be not a discipline — no time — to experiment or to search. Issues must be done successfully and at once because everybody’s roles — places even — are due to be modified at a deadline smartly sooner than what might per chance well be required to actually be taught; to realize. Sennett elaborates extra on the roughly particular person all this advantages, due to this fact who tends to climb the corporate ladder, due to this fact who wields cultural vitality every by instance and by handy resource:

“Easiest a undeniable roughly human being can prosper in unstable, fragmentary social prerequisites. This good man or lady has to accommodate three challenges.

The first considerations time: straightforward the fashion to administer non permanent relationships, and oneself, whereas migrating from assignment to assignment, job to job, predicament to predicament. If institutions not present a protracted-time duration frame, the individual might per chance well per chance also must improvise his or her life-fable, and even perform with none sustained sense of self.

“The 2d anxiety considerations abilities: straightforward the fashion to invent new abilities, straightforward the fashion to mine potential abilities, as reality’s requires shift. Virtually, in the stylish financial system, the shelf life of many abilities is short; in technology and the sciences, as in evolved kinds of manufacturing, staff now must retrain on common every eight to twelve years. Talent is additionally a topic of culture. The emerging social dispute militates in opposition to the correct of craftsmanship, that is, studying to perform correct one factor actually smartly; such commitment can generally expose economically opposed. In predicament of craftsmanship, smartly-liked culture advances an draw of meritocracy which celebrates potential potential in desire to past fulfillment.

“The third anxiety follows from this. It considerations resign; that is, straightforward the fashion to let lunge of the past. The head of a dynamic company not too long ago asserted that no-one owns their predicament in her group, that past provider in specific earns no employee a assured predicament. How might per chance well per chance also one answer to that assertion positively? A uncommon trait of the persona is well-known to perform so, one which reductions the experiences a human being has already had. This trait of persona resembles extra the client ever avid for new issues, discarding frail if completely serviceable goods, in desire to the owner who jealously guards what she or he already possesses.”

As soon as extra, Sennett strives to maintain an air of restful disinterest and anthropologically-motivated curiosity, whereas we are minded on to scorn and disgust. If Sennett is correct, that is horrific.

Lasch concludes his book with a grave warning in opposition to permitting the cultural vitality of the constitutionally narcissistic to head unchecked, ending on a name to fingers, of kinds. He writes,

“It is some distance correct that a talented elite of doctors, psychiatrists, social scientists, technicians, welfare staff, and civil servants now performs a number one section in the administration of the deliver and of the ‘facts industry.’ However the deliver and the facts industry overlap at so many points with the replace corporation (which has extra and extra fascinating itself with every little bit of culture), and the brand new experts share so many characteristics with the managers of industry, that the professional elite ought to be regarded not as an self sustaining class but as a branch of smartly-liked administration. […] Consultants, [Daniel Moynihan] observes, maintain a vested pastime in discontent, because discontented other folk turn to professional products and providers for reduction. However the same precept underlies all of smartly-liked capitalism, which continually tries to impact new requires and new discontents that will per chance also be assuaged ideal by the consumption of commodities. Moynihan, attentive to this connection, tries to contemporary the professional because the successor to the capitalist. The ideology of “compassion,” he says, serves the class pastime of the ‘put up-industrial surplus of functionaries who, in the form of industrialists who earlier turned to marketing, induce search facts from for his or her maintain merchandise.’

“Loyal self-aggrandizement, nonetheless, grew up aspect by aspect with the selling industry and ought to be considered as one other piece of the same course of, the transition from aggressive capitalism to monopoly capitalism. The the same ancient fashion that turned the citizen true into a consumer transformed the employee from a producer true into a consumer. Thus, the medical and psychiatric assault on the family as a technologically backward sector went hand in hand with the selling industry’s force to persuade these that store-supplied goods are superior to homemade goods. Both the enhance of administration and the proliferation of professions symbolize new kinds of capitalist retain watch over, which first established themselves in the manufacturing facility after which unfold at some level of society. The battle in opposition to paperwork due to this fact requires a battle in opposition to capitalism itself. Typical electorate can’t face up to professional dominance without additionally asserting retain watch over over production and over the technical facts on which smartly-liked production rests.[[x]] […] In dispute to damage the existing sample of dependence and attach an pause to the erosion of competence, electorate will must make a selection the solution of their considerations into their maintain fingers. They are able to must impact their maintain ‘communities of competence.’ Easiest then will the productive capacities of smartly-liked capitalism, on the side of the scientific facts that now serves it, advance to attend the pursuits of humanity instead.”

Between Sennett’s measured discomfort on the social ramifications of the “new capitalism” and Lasch’s blistering assault on the homogeneously banal financial and managerial elite at its helm, we uncover the total seeds of a undeniable reversal: We stand to reclaim native and democratic retain watch over over possession of capital, of production and of technical facts; to are trying for craftsmanship, competence, and independence, not resign; to be first and significant producers, not patrons and clients; and to rid ourselves of a surplus of ignorant meta-thinkers. Briefly, we stand to de-financialize.

What perform we stand to originate? As these parasitic, rent-seeking intermediaries whittle away,[xi] ought to institutions want to keep, be they pension funds, charities, endowments, corporate treasurers, insurance coverage floats (or what’s left after securitized DLCs are done with them), they want not steal in leveraged hypothesis. They want by no methodology steal in the scourge of “passive funding,” nor by chance pool the leverage of governance that is legally and fiduciarily due to their beneficiaries true into a evident political assault vector for degenerate fiat activists to infiltrate and co-decide. They want ideal stack sats — something they are going to perform and not utilizing a bankers, brokers, or asset managers, and that will seemingly be connected old among formative years, if not even youthful kids.

And, of course, this items an even larger social wait on. Finance as it exists this day is a chokepoint for extra-correct and supra-democratic political assault, in the sense of activists pushing excessive-modernist agendas by assignment of absolutely the shimmering necessity for companies to maintain on the least a commercial bank, if not collect entry to to capital markets. The looming threat of regulators, goliath capital “allocators,” and even individual banks eliminating companies from the potential to finance themselves — with artificially cheap, politically preferential capital or otherwise — is why multinational companies advantage signal for LGBTQ+ rights in the United Kingdom but dare not perform so in Saudi Arabia, and for Dim Lives Topic in the US but with ease ignore slave labor and genocide in China.

The client spoiled of Nike, McDonald’s, or whoever, and the beneficiaries of assets managed by BlackRock, or whoever else, might per chance well per chance also or might per chance well per chance also not care about these causes. However this doesn’t topic: Right here shouldn’t be a slipshod try at marketing. Or pretty, it is, but the client is the tax-gathering deliver, the operationally-valuable rent-seeking banking cartel, and the social caste of narcissists that populate every ranks, rotating amongst roles, and from which the resolution-makers wish not to be excommunicated. It is some distance terribly considerable not individual patrons or savers.

Right here is possibly the cleanest intention of describing how the provider provider strikes abet. Much of her financial requirements and actions will seemingly be entirely within her maintain retain watch over. She will return to a deliver of having ideal one buyer: the client.

Right here’s a customer put up by Allen Farrington and Sacha Meyers. Opinions expressed are entirely their maintain and perform not basically replicate these of BTC Inc or Bitcoin Magazine.

[i] From the Epsilon Theory weblog:

[ii] Observe Alfred Chandler’s Scale and Scope for a compelling theoretical and ancient argument that industrial capitalism naturally gravitated in direction of bigness and, in turn, catalyzes its maintain adaptive kinds of administration that mustn’t maintain been valuable on a smaller scale — largely indifferent to the circumstances of its being financed. We perform not contemporary this argument as either a binary and even a single spectrum of variables. Chandler is virtually surely correct in the crux of his argument and we could not be so boastful as to brush his incredible work apart. However we peruse two differences — or, we would insist, two extra dimensions — he would not analyze: that of the supra-financial and arguably political impact of fiat taken to its contemporary (degenerate) wrong and, due to this fact, the good judgment of its unraveling precisely on yarn of Bitcoin.

[iii] Parker Lewis, “Bitcoin Is The Gigantic Definancialization,” Unchained Capital, December 23, 2020.

[iv] The precipitation of narcissism, unsurprisingly.

[v] Earlier, too, “The Group Man” used to be printed in 1956, “The Culture of Narcissism” in 1979.

[vi] A sentiment recaptured not too long ago by the likes of Joel Kotkin’s “The Coming of Neo-Feudalism,” already cited in the introduction, and Michael Lind’s “The New Class Battle.”

[vii] Whyte hilariously notes a few pages later: “It is some distance extraordinarily obvious, however, that [a corporate trainee manager] must pursue the significant probability in a substantial extra beautiful vogue. To gather forward, he must cooperate with the others — but cooperate better than they bring out.”

[viii] We lunge away it as an exclaim to the reader to identify how this squares with encountering Bitcoin for the first time. Having sufficiently pondered it on her maintain, we are able to highly imply Croesus’s short fragment, “Why the Yuppie Elite Dismiss Bitcoin,” off-bitcoin.

[ix] There are plenty a host of such entirely empty technologisms, by the fashion, that function in precisely the same intention. We correct happen to maintain chosen one which is pertinent to the sphere of “Bitcoin Is Venice.”

[x] One sentence has been eradicated from this prolonged quote in which Lasch picks up on a criticism he makes of Ludwig von Mises that he began earlier in the chapter, and which reads as jarring without that earlier context. However the criticism as a entire is fascinating: Lasch quotes Mises’s Kinds, as emblematic of what he calls “the conservative critique” of paperwork, as in opposition to his maintain extra communitarian critique. In this case, we aspect in opposition to Mises and safe Lasch’s critique incisive and persuasive. Lasch writes of Mises, “This argument suffers from the conservative’s idealization of the deepest autonomy made that you just would also take into accout by the free market,” and whereas the discussion runs for four pages or so and we don’t intend to breed it here in its entirety, we assume it is dazzling to define this as very the same to a claim we make diverse times but will analyze in considerable extra part in a later extract, These Were Capitalists, that financial capital requires social capital. Right here is similar additionally to de Soto’s thesis of the importance of capital over freedom: Freedom on my own is well-known but insufficient for flourishing.

[xi] They won’t lunge quietly, thoughts you, but on a protracted-adequate time horizon they’re going to develop into insignificant. Or so we are able to hope.

Read More

Related posts

El Salvador Unleashes “Volcano Energy” With 241 Megawatt Planned Bitcoin Mining Operation

The Crypto News

Goldman Sachs Reports on “TradFi 2.0,” says DeFi Must Lend a hand Enhance Crypto Asset Valuations


Core Scientific Begins Reporting Every day Bitcoin Production

The Crypto News

Leave a Comment

Or Login with

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More