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What Would Ethereum Layer 3 Understand Fancy? Vitalik Buterin Has Some Suggestions

What Would Ethereum Layer 3 Understand Fancy? Vitalik Buterin Has Some Suggestions

Key Takeaways

  • Ethereum creator Vitalik Buterin has published a weblog put up outlining how Layer 3 scaling solutions may perchance work.
  • He acknowledged that Layer 3 solutions cannot encompass stacked rollups, as this wouldn’t lead to efficient records compression.
  • Buterin outlined two probabilities: Layer 3 platforms with specialised capabilities and batch verifier contracts.

Ethereum creator Vitalik Buterin believes that stacking rollups is no longer going to successfully scale Ethereum—nonetheless he silent has some pointers on the longer term of Layer 3 scaling.

Buterin Questions Rollup Stacking


Layer 2 platforms are silent of their infancy, nonetheless Vitalik Buterin is already interested by Layer 3 scaling.

In a weblog put up titled “What more or much less layer 3s receive sense?”, Buterin has discussed programs throughout which Layer 3 scaling solutions may perchance assist Ethereum direction of transactions more efficiently.


Ethereum’s mainnet currently has a throughput of about 15 transactions per 2d. For the length of sessions of high insist, customers face community congestion and very high gasoline prices as their transactions cannot fit into on hand block dwelling. In November 2021, customers paid as a lot as $62.11 for a token swap—an operation that currently prices about $1.36.

Layer 2 scaling solutions called “rollups” were designed to alleviate this map back. Rollups outsource a transaction’s computational records to one other chain, then put up an effortlessly verifiable cryptographic transaction proof to Ethereum’s mainnet. This permits transactions to be bundled collectively, saving a essential amount of block dwelling.

Buterin previously acknowledged that rollups may perchance assist Ethereum attain a throughput of 100,000 transactions per 2d. Arbitrum, Optimism, StarkNet, and zkSync are all examples of rollups.

Nonetheless, rollups secure barriers. Buterin acknowledged in his most modern weblog put up that rollups of their new receive cannot simply be stacked on top of one one other because of of records compression points.

He argued that “records will seemingly be compressed as soon as, nonetheless it absolutely can’t be compressed again.” If a 2d compressor affords a bonus, the good judgment of a 2d compressor typically will seemingly be build into the essential compressor, he acknowledged.

Layer 3 Presents Alternate solutions

Rather than stacking rollups, Buterin has suggested assigning diversified purposes to Layer 2 and its attainable Layer 3 networks.

On this case, Layer 2 may perchance be archaic for scaling. Meanwhile, Layer 3 would toughen diversified capabilities akin to privacy-focused chains, non-EVM platforms, customized scaling solutions for specific capabilities, or validiums (that are one other more or much less rollup).

Buterin additionally suggested that Layer 3 programs may perchance be created by bettering the technique that rollups currently feature. Some rollups, called ZK-Rollups want to secure a look at their pronounce root proofs (a more or much less cryptographic key) themselves.

As a replacement, Buterin argues for a unusual come sharp a “batch verifier contract” that makes a speciality of verifying those proofs. This would very a lot bring down gasoline prices for these scaling solutions with out needing to effect a paunchy EVM system as a heart layer. In enact, ZK-Rollups would turn out to be Layer 3; there may perchance be no want to provide Layer 3 on top of them.

Buterin additionally acknowledged that, no topic how Layer 3 solutions are constructed, they’ll allow sub-ecosystems to adapt within Layer 2s.

Certainly, heinous-arena operations may perchance occur with out necessarily having to transfer by Ethereum’s mainnet—which technique transactions would turn out to be much less costly. That may perchance surely be factual records for Ethereum customers.

Disclaimer: At the time of writing, the creator of this fragment owned BTC, ETH, and a complete lot of diversified cryptocurrencies.

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